Do You Know How to Grow Cardamom?

o you know what the Cardamom is? Have you heard about it before? For you who have no idea what it is, check this out! Cardamom is one of the spices which are the most expensive one after vanilla and saffron.

It has a distinctive spices odor, sweet, and burning taste. Due to its variety, it becomes the queen of spices while the king of spices is black pepper. For the Green Cadamoms, you can use it in many dishes because it is superior and more intense. For the Black Cardamom, the thick and long one, you cannot use it in the sweet desserts and dishes.

There are other names of Cardamom. They are Elam, Illaichi, Lachie, Chhoti Elachi, Kardamom, Lesser Cardamom, Indian Cardamom, Hulle Essentielle de Cardamome, Green Cardamom, Elettaria Cardamomum, Ela, Cardomomi Fructus, Cardomom, Cardamomo, Cardamome, Black Cardamom, Bai Dou Kou, dan Amomum Cardamomum.

Cardamom Types

While you are looking for Cardamom, you will find two types. First is Green Cardamom which is originating in Sri Lanka and India. Second is Black Cardamom which is originating from Himalayan and Nepal states of India.

Characteristics

Cardamom is a perennial plant. It has erect and rigid aromatic leaves that form of serial part of stems. The height of stems is about 2 to 4 meters. It forms leaves canopy around the plant itself.

The cardamom also has tiny flowers which are beautiful. Usually, it has a red or yellow strip over. Besides, it produces fruits too. The fruits of Cardamom are called capsules. Inside the capsules, there are numbers of seeds which are used for the spices. The spices are used from their capsules, not its leaves.

Propagation

If you are interested to propagate this plant, you can do it in two ways. First is you can grow it from the seeds. Strongly suggested buying the fresh seeds you can get from the seed store offline or online. While you try buying it from the glossary store, generally, it is not the fresh one.

Second, you can grow it from the rhizomes. It is the easiest ways to grow the Cardamom. To get the rhizome, cut it by using a sharp knife. Do it carefully until it separates from its plant.

After it, you can replant it under similar conditions. Need to note, if you use this technique, it also transmits the Cardamom mosaic virus from the mother plant. It means that the new plant highly gets infected.

Requirements of Growing Conditions

Once you are interested to plant this Cardamom, you need to take every tip and trick carefully. It is not as easy as you plant the rose. It is quite difficult to plant it. There are some requirements you need to fulfill propagating this plant, such as:

Weather Condition

While growing up the Cardamom, you need to grow in the humid, hot, and tropical climates. Usually, it grows well in humid subtropical forests with the range of temperatures between 18 to 35 degrees C. For the humidity level is near 75%.

Position

For the position of planting this plant, you need to plant it in the filtered sunlight or partial shade. Planting away from the direct sun after its height is around 2 or 4 meters under the canopy of other higher trees.

Soil

Loamy soil, sandy is rich in organic matter and manure. It requires a small amount of acidic to neutral the pH level of about 6 to 6.8. The plant also will tolerate the acidic soils for about 5.5 to 6.

The important key to propagating the Cardamom is the right substrate. It should be well-drained. While the watering time, the soil should drain out easily, but it must remain moist continuously. It doesn’t mean you need to waterlogged or damp soil to keep it moist. Need to remember also, the clay texture of the soil is obviously not recommended because it can kill the plant.

Watering

Remember that the Cardamom is growing in the rainforest. As its area, it receives rainfall for about 200 days every year. Thus, it is so important to keep the soil moist, don’t let it dry out in summer. When the summer comes or when the plant is fruiting, increase the watering time.

Fertilizer

After watering, don’t forget to give the soil some fertilizers. Do give them in high phosphorous. During the growing season, you can apply it for twice a month. It is so much better if you apply 5 kilos aged compost or manure per clump every year.

By doing those things, you are able to grow the Cardamom. To avoid any of problems, diseases, or something like that, try to find more information related to this plant. It helps you a lot to grow the Cardamom. Just take a little research to help you grow it in the right way.